Psychology Exam

Question 1

 

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“Your worries? They’re only thoughts. Don’t try to stop them, but recognize that they’re thoughts, and don’t let them upset you so much.” This quote most likely would come from someone using which form of therapy for generalized anxiety disorder?

Answer

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A.

biofeedback

B.

rational-emotive therapy

C.

mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

D.

intolerance of uncertainty therapy

 

1 points

Question 2

 

 

A person who believes that it is awful and catastrophic when things are not the way he or she would like them to be is displaying:

Answer

A.

compulsion.

B.

irrational assumption.

C.

condition of worth.

D.

metaworry.

 

1 points

Question 3

 

 

According to behavioral theory, specific learned fears become a generalized anxiety disorder through the process of:

Answer

A.

modeling.

B.

stimulus generalization.

C.

response prevention.

D.

stimulus discrimination.

 

1 points

Question 4

 

 

Exposure and response prevention as treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder:

Answer

A.

does not work as well for those who have obsessions but no compulsions.

B.

is only effective in a group setting.

C.

works only in about 25% of those who are treated with it.

D.

changes behavior in the clinic, but doesn’t carry over to home and the workplace.

 

1 points

Question 5

 

 

Cognitive theorists have found that people who develop obsessive-compulsive disorder also:

Answer

A.

have a lower rate of depression.

B.

believe their thoughts are capable of causing harm to themselves or others.

C.

have lower standards of conduct and morality.

D.

believe it is impossible and undesirable to have control over everything.

 

1 points

Question 6

 

 

An obsessive-compulsive person who was told that everyone was required to wear shoes at all times in the house and not to vacuum for a week, would be experiencing what therapy procedures?

Answer

A.

family therapy

B.

free association

C.

reinforcement for compulsive behavior

D.

exposure and response prevention

 

1 points

Question 7

 

 

According to cognitive theorists, people experiencing anxiety sensitivity:

Answer

A.

are unable to assess bodily sensations accurately.

B.

interpret bodily sensations as abnormally pleasant.

C.

confuse physical and emotional sensations.

D.

are oblivious to body sensations.

 

1 points

Question 8

 

 

Jose and Ted both get racing hearts once in a while. When it happens to Ted, he panics and thinks he is going to die. Gradually, he has developed these panic attacks if he even thinks that his heart is beating strongly. When Jose’s heart starts beating strongly, he looks to his current activity to understand what is producing the sensations (hard work). Ted apparently has a high degree of:

Answer

A.

anxiety sensitivity.

B.

fear.

C.

obsessive imagery.

D.

anxiety.

 

1 points

Question 9

 

 

Imagine that you are being treated for a social phobia. Your therapist watches you act out a social scene, points out what you did correctly and incorrectly, and praises you for what you did well. Which behavioral technique did your therapist NOT use?

Answer

A.

role play

B.

reinforcement

C.

modeling

D.

feedback

 

1 points

Question 10

 

 

If the final version of DSM-5 follows the recommendations that have been made about the categorization of anxiety disorders:

Answer

A.

there will no longer be a category of anxiety disorders.

B.

anxiety disorders will be subsumed under depressive disorders due to the recognition of the effectiveness of antidepressants in treating anxiety.

C.

social phobia will be recognized as a more pervasive disorder—social anxiety disorder.

D.

obsessive-compulsive disorders will be categorized as cognitive disorders.

 

1 points

Question 11

 

 

Generalized anxiety disorder is more common:

Answer

A.

in men than in women.

B.

in African-Americans than in white Americans.

C.

years after rather than immediately after traumatic events.

D.

in wealthy people than in poor people.

 

1 points

Question 12

 

 

Sally is never sure of the right thing to do. She married Tod and has been wondering for years if that was the right thing to do. She is exhibiting:

Answer

A.

obsessive doubts.

B.

obsessive images.

C.

a compulsion.

D.

obsessive ideas.

 

1 points

Question 13

 

 

People who have a biological vulnerability for anxiety that is brought to the surface by social/psychological factors develop generalized anxiety disorders, according to the:

Answer

A.

diathesis-stress model.

B.

psychodynamic model.

C.

cognitive-behavioral model.

D.

evolutionary perspective.

 

1 points

Question 14

 

 

One limitation of the sociocultural approach to understanding generalized anxiety disorders is that it cannot explain:

Answer

A.

the paradox that as poverty gets worse, generalized anxiety declines.

B.

why everyone who experiences danger doesn’t experience generalized anxiety.

C.

the relationship between race, poverty, and job opportunity.

D.

the differences in generalized anxiety in countries around the world.

 

Question 15

 

 

Leila always feels threatened and anxious—imagining something awful is about to happen. But she is able to work and care for her family, although not as well as she would like. Leila is probably experiencing:

Answer

A.

no specific problem; she just likes to worry.

B.

a specific fear response.

C.

a hormonal imbalance.

D.

a generalized anxiety disorder.

 

1 points

Question 16

 

 

What is one important way obsessions and compulsions are related?

Answer

A.

Obsessions are not related to compulsions.

B.

Compulsions are a way to prevent obsessions from occurring.

C.

Compulsions help people control their obsessions.

D.

Obsessions generally lead to violent or immoral compulsions.

 

1 points

Question 17

 

 

The most common mental disorders in the United States are the:

Answer

A.

anxiety disorders.

B.

sexual disorders.

C.

personality disorders.

D.

mood disorders.

 

1 points

Question 18

 

 

Teaching people to accept their worries and live in the present moment—mindfulness therapy—is MOST consistent with which theoretical approach?

Answer

A.

cognitive

B.

psychodynamic

C.

behavioral

D.

biological

 

1 points

Question 19

 

 

You notice someone who is sweating, experiencing shortness of breath, choking, feeling dizzy, and is afraid of dying. If it is not a heart attack but an indicator of anxiety disorder, it is probably a:

Answer

A.

phobia.

B.

panic attack.

C.

obsessive-compulsive response.

D.

posttraumatic disorder.

 

1 points

Question 20

 

 

Your fear of spiders is debilitating because you are an entomologist. To treat this phobia, your therapist puts you in a room with spiders, even asking you to handle them. This technique might be used in:

Answer

A.

covert desensitization.

B.

systematic desensitization.

C.

flooding.

D.

modeling.

 

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